Scroll down the page to see many images and descriptions of Costa Rica Birds

Costa Rica is the place for birdwatching. The diversity and the beauty of the bird species in Costa Rica attract birders from all around the globe. And with 812 different species in six ornithological zones, it’s no wonder. Such incredible diversity is due to the extreme ranges in elevation, from 0m to 3,820m above sea level, as well as Costa Rica`s close proximity to the equator. And housing all of these aviary beauties within a relatively small country, only 51,100 km², means that you can see most of them in one trip, if you plan carefully.

In order to get the most out of your birdwatching trip to Costa Rica, you need a good plan. Now there are many birding tour companies in Costa Rica that will actually plan your trip for you. All you need to do is to inform them of which species you want to see the most and how much time in which you have to see them. These tour companies will then cater a birdwatching itinerary that best suits your needs. They will plan everything from meals to transportation. Of course, as you may suspect, this can be a bit pricey. A two week tour will run you around four or five thousand dollars. However, if you plan on coming in a large group, you can usually get a significantly better rate. Although, this type of tour simply may not be within your budget or your schedule. But don’t worry, with the proper knowledge, planning your own birdwatching trip can be a breeze.

Whether or not you’re planning your own trip or having someone else plan it for you, it is important to know the basics of birding in Costa Rica. Of course, the first thing to be mindful of is the time of year that you are visiting. Many of the bird species are migratory birds and can only be seen during certain times of the year. Although the time of year may vary depending on the species, most migratory birds are found in Costa Rica during October and November, towards the end of the wet season.

The next factor to sort out is, of course, location. Where do I go to find all of these gorgeous tropical birds? Well, Costa Rican bird enthusiasts generally break the country down into four different regions: the Caribbean lowlands, the North Pacific lowlands, the South Pacific lowlands, and the mountains.

The Caribbean lowlands are made up of the wettest regions in Costa Rica. Stretching along the Caribbean coastline, they are home to species such as the Rufous Motmot, the Black-cheeked Woodpecker, the Purple-throated Fruitcrow, the White Fronted Nunbird, the Long-tailed Tyrant, the White-ringed Flycatcher, the Snowy Cotinga, the Black-faced Grosbeak, the Olive-backed Euphonia and the Emerald Tanager. Within the Caribbean lowlands there are many different sites for birdwatching. Among the most popular are the Caño Negro RAMSAR site Wildlife Refuge, the Arenal Volcano National Park area, the Sarapiqui area, the Barra Colorado National Parks in Tortuguero, the Braulio Carrillo National Park and the South Caribbean Talamanca Mountain Range.

The North Pacific lowlands, mainly located in Guanacaste, are the dry forest areas of the country. Some birds specific to these forests include the Plain Chachalaca, the White-fronted Parrot, the Yellow-naped Parrot, the Black-headed Trogon, the Rose-throated Becard, the White-lored Gnatcatcher, the Mangrove Vireo, the Scrub Euphonia, the Striped-headed Sparrow and the Cinnamon Hummingbird. The best places to see these birds include the Curu Wildlife Refuge, the Palo Verde Nacional Park, the Santa Rosa Nacional Park, the Diria National Forest, the Colorado – Abangares coastline, the Rincón de la Vieja Volcano area, and the Tenorio – Miravalles Volcanoes area.

The South Pacific lowlands have a diverse climate and therefore diverse avifauna. Located along the South Pacific coastline, these lowlands house many unique bird species like the Marbled-wood, the Band-rumped Swift, the White-tailed Emerald, the Bairds Trogon Black-cheeked Ant Tanager, the Charming Hummingbird, the Quail Golden-napped Woodpecker, the Spotted-crowned Euphonia, the Streaked Saltator and the Fiery-billed Aracari. Some great places to look for these rare birds are the Tarcoles River area, the Carara National Park, the Los Cusingos Private Reserve, the Palmar Norte area, the Corcovado National Park and the Peñas Blancas National Park.

The mountains of Costa Rica marble the inland area of the country. Nestled within these mountains are the majestic cloud forests of Costa Rica. These high-altitude forests are home to birds such as the Orange-bellied Trogon, the Emerald Tucanet, the Fiery-throated Hummingbird, the Coppery-headed Emerald, the Azzure-hooded Jay, the Red-headed Barbet, the Silvery-throated Tanager, the Mountain Robin, the Chiriqui Quail Dove, the Sulphur-winged Parakeet, the Ruddy Pigeon, the Green Hermit, the Slaty-backed Nightingale Trush and, perhaps the most sought after species of them all, the elusive Resplendent Quetzal. Among the most popular spots to look for these birds are the Monteverde-Santa Elena Private Reserve, the Tapanti National Park, the Los Santos Protected Area, the Corcovado National Park, the San Ramon Protected Area, the Braulio Carrillo National Park, the San Vito Protected Forest and the Poas Volcano National Park.

With all of these magnificent birds and so many amazing locations, your biggest concern is not having enough time to see them all. Although you may be a great outdoorsman, eager to explore on your own, hiring a local Costa Rica birdwatching guide is the best thing you can do for yourself. Not only will a guide help you find your way safely in this foreign territory, but he or she will also know the best spots to look for the birds you’re after and thereby save you a great deal of time looking. And with so much to do and so much to see, time is your most precious commodity.

My last piece of advice to you is to simply have fun. Here in Costa Rica the people are friendly, the scenery is amazing and the birds are plentiful. So enjoy yourself and have a great trip.

-Daniel Hall

BIRDS OF COSTA RICA

(mouse over the icons in the left column abd an image of the bird will pop up)

  Family INCERTAE SEDIS 
View Common Name Scientific Name
Thrush-like Schiffornis Schiffornis turdina
Gray-headed Piprites Piprites griseiceps
Rufous Piha Lipaugus unirufus
Speckled Mourner Laniocera rufescens
Barred Becard Pachyramphus versicolor
Cinnamon Becard Pachyramphus cinnamomeus
White-winged Becard Pachyramphus polychopterus
Rose-throated Becard Pachyramphus aglaiae
Masked Tityra Tityra semifasciata
Black-crowned Tityra Tityra inquisitor
Bananaquit Coereba flaveola
Estrildidae  
Tricolored Munia Lonchura malacca
 
  Family Passeridae 
View Common Name Scientific Name
House Sparrow Passer domesticus
 
  Family Fringillidae 
View Common Name Scientific Name
Scrub Euphonia Euphonia affinis
Yellow-crowned Euphonia Euphonia luteicapilla
Thick-billed Euphonia Euphonia laniirostris
Yellow-throated Euphonia Euphonia hirundinacea
Elegant Euphonia Euphonia elegantissima
Spot-crowned Euphonia Euphonia imitans
Olive-backed Euphonia Euphonia gouldi
White-vented Euphonia Euphonia minuta
Tawny-capped Euphonia Euphonia anneae
Golden-browed Chlorophonia Chlorophonia callophrys
Yellow-bellied Siskin Carduelis xanthogasta
Lersser Goldfinch Carduelis psaltria
Icteridae  
Bobolink Dolichronyx oryzivorus
Red-winged Blackbird Agelaius phoeniceus
Red-breasted Blackbird Sturnella militaris
Eastern Meadowlark Sturnella magna
Yellow-headed Blackbird Xanthocephalus xanthocephalus
Melodious Blackbird Dives dives
Great-tailed Grackle Quiscalus mexicanus
Nicaraguan Grackle Quiscalus nicaraguensis
Shiny Cowbird Molothrus bonariensis
Bronzed Cowbird Molothrus aeneus
Giant Cowbird Molothrus oryzivorus
Black-cowled Oriole Icterus prosthemelas
Orchard Oriole Icterus spurius
Yellow-tailed Oriole Icterus mesomelas
Streak-backed Oriole Icterus postulatus
Bullock´s Oriole Icterus bullockii
Spot-breasted Oriole Icterus pectoralis
Baltimore Oriole Icterus galbula
Yellow-billed Cacique Amblycercus holosericeus
Scarlet-rumped Cacique Cacicus uropygialis
Chestnut-headed Oropendula Psarocolius wagleri
Montezuma Oropendola Psarocolius montezuma
Cardinalidae  
Streaked Saltator Saltator striatipectus
Grayish Saltator Saltator coerulescens
Buff-throated Saltator Saltator maximus
Black-headed Saltator Saltator atriceps
Slate-colored Saltator Saltator atriceps grossus
Black-faced Grosbeak Caryothraustes poliogaster
Black-thighed Grosbeak Pheucticus tibialis
Rose-breasted Grosbeak Pheucticus ludovicianus
Blue-black Grosbeak Cyanocompsa cuanoides
Blue Grosbeak Passerina caerulea
Indigo Bunting Passerina cyanea
Painted Bunting Passerina ciris
Dickcissel Spiza americana
 
  Family Emberizidae 
View Common Name Scientific Name
Blue-black Grassquit Volatinia jacarina
Slate-colored Seedeater Sporophila Schistacea
Variable Seedeater Sporophila americana
White-collared Seedeater Sporophila torqueola
Yellow-bellied Seedeater Sporophila nigricolis
Ruddy-breasted Seedeater Sporophila minuta
Nicaraguan Seed-Finch Oryzoborus nuttingi
Thick-billed Seed-Finch Oryzoborus funereus
Blue Seedeater Amaurospiza concolor
Yellow-faced Grassquit Tiaris olivaceus
Cocos Finch Pinaroloxias inornata
Slaty Finch Haplospiza rustica
Peg-billed Finch Acanthidops bairdii
Slaty Flowerpiercer Diglossa plumbea
Wedge-tailed Grass-Finch Emberizoides herbicola
Sooty-faced Finch Lysurus crassirostris
Yellow-thighed Finch Pselliophorus tibialis
Large-footed Finch Pezopetes capitalis
White-naped Brush-Finch Atlapetes albinucha
Chestnut-capped Brush-Finch Buarremon brunneinucha
Stripe-headed Brush-Finch Buarremon torquatus
Orange-billed Sparrow Arremon aurantiirostris
Olive Sparrow Arremonops rufivirgatus
Black-striped Sparrow Arremonops cornirostris
Prevost´s Ground-Sparrow Melozone biarculata
White-eared Ground-Sparrow Melozone leucotis
Stripe-headed Sparrow Aimophila ruficauda
Botteri´s Sparrow Aimophila botterii
Lark Sparrow Chondestes grammacus
Grasshopper Sparrow Ammodramus savannarum
Lincoln´s Sparrow Melospiza lincolnii
Rufous-collared Sparrow Zonotrichia capensis
Volcano Junco Junco vulcani
Thraupidae  
Common Bush-Tanager Chlorospingus ophthalmicus
Sooty-capped Bush-Tanager Chlorospingus pileatus
Ashy-throated Bush-Tanager Chlorospingus canigularis
Black-and-yellow Tanager Chrysothlypis chrysomelas
Rosy Thrush-Tanager Rhodinocichla rosea
Dusky-faced Tanager Mitrospingus cassinii
Olive Tanager Chlorothraupis carmioli
Gray-headed Tanager Eucometis penicillata
White-throated Shrike-Tanager Lanio leucothorax
Sulphur-rumped Tanager Heterospingus rubrifrons
White-shoulder Tanager Tachyphonus luctuosus
Tawny-crested Tanager Tachyphonus delattrii
White-lined Tanager Tachyphonus rufus
Red-crowned Ant-Tanager Habia rubica
Red-throated Ant-Tanager Habia fuscicauda
Black-cheeked Ant-Tanager Habia atrimaxillaris
Hepatic Tanager Piranga flava
Summer Tanager Piranga rubra
Scarlet Tanager Piranga olivacea
Western Tanager Piranga ludoviciana
Flame-colored Tanager Piranga bidentata
White-winged Tanager Piranga leucoptera
Crimson-collared Tanager Ramphocelus sanguinolentus
Passerini´s Tanager Ramphocelus passerinii
Cherrie´s Tanager Ramphocelus costaricensis
Blue-gray Tanager Thraupis episcopus
Palm Tanager Thraupis palmarum
Blue-and-gold Tanager Bangsia arcaei
Plain-colored Tanager Tangara inornata
Emerald Tanager Tangara florida
Silver-throated Tanager Tangara icterocephala
Speckled Tanager Tangara guttata
Bay-headed Tanager Tangara gyrola
Rufous-winged Tanager Tangara lavinia
Golden-hooded Tanager Tangara larvata
Spangle-cheeked Tanager Tangara dowii
Scarlet-thighed Dacnis Dacnis venusta
Blue Dacnis Dacnis rayana
Green Honeycreeper Chlorophanes spiza
Shining Honeycreeper Cyanerpes lucidus
Red-legged Honeycreeper Cyanerpes cyaneus
Parulidae  
Blue-winged Warbler Vermivora pinus
Golden-winged Warbler Vermivora chrysoptera
Tennessee Warbler Vermivora peregrina
Nashville Warbler Vermivora ruficapilla
Flame-throated Warbler Parula gutturalis
Tropical Parula Parula pitiayumi
Yellow Warbler Dendroica petechia
Chestnut-sided Warbler Dendroica pensylvanica
Magnolia Warbler Dendroica magnolia
Black-throated Blue Warbler Dendroica caerulescens
Yellow-rumped Warbler Dendroica coronata
Black-throated Green Warbler Dendroica virens
Blackburnian Warbler Dendroica fusca
Prairie Warbler Dendroica discolor
Palm Warbler Dendroica palmatum
Bay-breasted Warbler Dendroica castanea
Blackpoll Warbler Dendroica striata
Cerulean Warbler Dendroica cerulea
Black-and-White Warbler Mniotilta varia
American Redstart Setophaga ruticilla
Prothonotary Warbler Protonotaria citrea
Worm-eating Warbler Helmitheros vermivorum
Ovenbird Seiurus aurocapilla
Northern Waterthrush Seiurus noveboracensis
Louisiana Waterthrush Seiurus motacilla
Kentucky Warbler Oporornis formosus
Mourning Warbler Oporornis philadelphia
MacGillivray´s Warbler Oporornis tolmiei
Common Yellowthroat Geothlypis trichas
Olive-crowned Yellowthroat Geothlypis semiflava
Masked Yellowthroat Geothlypis aequinoctialis
Gray-crowned Yellowthroat Geothlypis poliocephala
Hooded Warbler Wilsonia citrina
Wilson´s Warbler Wilsonia pusilla
Canada Warbler Wilsonia canadensis
Slate-throated Redstart Myioborus miniatus
Collared Redstart Myioborus torquatus
Golden-crowned Warbler Basileuterus culicivorus
Rufous-capped Warbler Basileuterus rufifrons
Black-cheeked Warbler Basileuterus melanogenys
Three-striped Warbler Basileuterus tristriatus
Buff-rumped Warbler Phaeothlypis fulvicauda
Zeledonia, Wrenthrush Zeledonia coronata
Yellow-breasted Chat Icteria virens
 
  Family Ptilogonatidae 
View Common Name Scientific Name
Black-and-yellow Silky-Flycatcher Phainoptila melanoxantha
Long-tailed Silky-Flycatcher Ptilogonys caudatus
Bombycillidae  
Cedar Waxwing Bombycilla cedrorum
Motacillidae  
American Pipit Anthus rubescens
 
  Family Mimidae 
View Common Name Scientific Name
Gray Catbird Dumetella carolinensis
Tropical Mockingbird Minus gilvus
Turdidae  
Black-faced Solitaire Myadestes melanops
Black-billed Nightingale-Thrush Catharus gracilirostris
Orange-billed Nightingale-Thrush Catharus aurantiirostris
Salty-backed Nightingale-Thrush Catharus fuscater
Ruddy-capped Nightingale-Thrush Catharus frantzii
Black-headed Nightingale-Thrush Catharus mexicanus
Veery Catharus fuscescens
Gray-cheeked Thrush Catharus minimus
Swainson´s Thrush Catharus ustulatus
Wood Thrush Hylocichla mustelina
Sooty Robin Turdus nigrescens
Mountain Robin Turdus plebejus
Pale-vented Robin Turdus obsoletus
Clay-colored Robin Turdus grayi
White-throated Robin Turdus assimilis
Sylviidae  
Tawny-faced Gnatwren Microbates cinereiventris
Long-billed Gnatwren Ramphocaenus melanurus
White-lored Gnatcatcher Polioptila albiloris
Tropical Gnatcatcher Polioptila plumbea
 
  Family Cinclidae 
View Common Name Scientific Name
American Dipper Cinclus mexicanus
Troglodytidae  
Band-backed Wren Campylorhynchus zonatus
Rufous-naped Wren Campylorhynchus rufinucha
Rock Wren Salpinctes obsoletus
Black-throated Wren Thryothorus atrogularis
Black-bellied Wren Thryothorus fasciatoventris
Bay Wren Thryothorus nigricapillus
Riverside Wren Thryothorus semibadius
Rufous-breasted Wren Thryothorus rutilus
Spotted-breasted Wren Thryothorus maculipectus
Rufous-and-white Wren Thryothorus rufalbus
Banded Wren Thryothorus pleurostictus
Plain Wren Thryothorus modestus
House Wren Troglodytes aedon
Ochraceous Wren Troglodytes ochraceus
Sedge Wren Cistothorus platensis
Timberline Wren Thryorchilus browni
White-breasted Wood-Wren Henicorhina leucosticta
Gray-breasted Wood-Wren Henicorhina leucophrys
Nightingale Wren Microcerculus philomela
Scaly-breasted Wren Microcerculus marginatus
Song Wren Cyphorthinus phaeocephalus
Hirundinidae  
Purple Martin Progne subis
Gray-breasted Martin Progne chalybea
Tree Swallow Tachycineta bicolor
Mangrove Swallow Tachycineta albilinea
Violet-green Swallow Tachycineta thalassina
Blue-and-white Swallow Pygochelidon cyanoleuca
Northern Rough-winged Swallow Stelgidopteryx serripennis
Southern Rough-winged Swallow Stelgidopteryx ruficollis
Stripe-breasted Wren Thryothorus thoracicus
Bank Swallow Riparia riparia
Cliff Swallow Petrochelidon pyrrhonota
Barn Swallow Hirundo rustica
 
  Family Corvidae 
View Common Name Scientific Name
White-throated Magpie-Jay Calocitta formosa
Black-chested Jay Cyanocorax affinis
Brown Jay Cyanocorax morio
Azure-hooded Jay Cyanocorax cucullata
Sylvery-throated Jay Cyanocorax argentigula
 
  Family Vireonidae
View Common Name Scientific Name
White-eyed Vireo Vireo griseus
Mangrove vireo Vireo pallens
Yellow-throated Vireo Vireo flavifrons
Blue-headed Vireo Vireo solitarius
Yellow-winged Vireo Vireo carmioli
Warbling Vireo Veireo gilvus
Brown-capped Vireo Vireo leucophrys
Philadelphia Vireo Vireo philadelphicus
Red-eyed Vireo Vireo olivaceus
Yellow-green Vireo Vireo flavoviridis
Black-whiskered Vireo Vireo altiloquus
Tawny-crowned Greenlet Hylophilus ochraceiceps
Lesser Greenlet Hylophilus decurtatus
Green Shrike-Vireo Vireolanius pulchellus
Rufous-browed Peppershrike Cyclarhis gujanenesis
Oxyruncidae  
Sharpbill Oxyruncus cristatus
 
  Family Pipridae 
View Common Name Scientific Name
White-collared Manakin Manacus candei
Orange-collared Manakin Manacus aurantiacus
White-ruffed Manakin Corapipo altera
Lance-tailed Manakin Chiroxiphia lanceolata
Long-tailed Manakin Chiroxiphia linearis
White-crowned Manakin Pipra pipra
Blue-crowned Manakin Pipra coronata
Red-capped Manakin Pipra mentalis
Cotingidae  
Lovely Cotinga Cotinga amabilis
Turquoise Cotinga Cotinga ridwayi
Yellow-billed Cotinga Carpodectes antoniae
Snowy Cotinga Carpodectes nitidus
Purple-throated Fruitcrow Querula purpurata
Bare-necked Umbrellabird Cephalopterus glabricollis
Three-wattled Bellbird Procnias tricarunculatus
Tyrannidae  
Yellow-bellied Tyrannulet Ornithion semiflavum
Brown-capped Tyrannulet Ornithion brunneicapillus
Northern Beardless-Tyrannulet Camptostoma imberbe
Southern Beardless-Tyranulet Camptostoma obsoletum
Mouse-colored Tyrannulet Phaeomyias murina
Cocos Flycatcher Nesotriccus ridgwayi
Yellow Tyrannulet Capsiempis flaveola
Yellow-crowned Tyrannulet Tyrannulus elatus
Greenish Elaenia Myiopagis viricata
Yellow-bellied Elaenia Elaenia flavogaster
Lesser Elaenia Elaenia chiriquensis
Mountain Elaenia Elaenia frantzii
Torrent Tyrannulet Serpophaga cinerea
Olive-striped Flycatcher Mionectes olivaceus
Ochre-bellied Flycatcher Mionectes oleagineus
Sepia-capped Flycatcher Leptopogon amaurocephalus
Slaty-capped Flycatcher Leptopogon superciliaris
Rufous-browed Tyrannulet Phyloscartes superciliaris
Rough-legged Tyrannulet Phyllomyias burmeisteri
Paltry Tyrannulet Zimmerius vilissimus
Northern Scrub-Flycatcher Sublegatus arenarum
Black-capped Pygmy-Tyrant Myiornis atricapillus
Scale-crested Pygmy-Tyrant Lophotriccus pileatus
Northern Bentbill Oncostoma cinereigulare
Slate-headed Tody-Flycatcher Poecilotriccus sylvia
Common Tody Flycatcher Todirostrum cinereum
Black-headed Tody Flycatcher Todirostrum nigriceps
Eye-ringed Flatbill Rhynchocyclus brevirostris
Yellow-olive Flycatcher Tolmomyias sulphurescens
Yellow-margined Flycatcher Tolmomyias assimilis
Stub-tailed Spadebill Platyrinchus cancrominus
White-throated Spadebill Platyrinchus mystaceus
Golden-crowned Spadebill Platyrinchus coronatus
Royal Flycatcher Ornichorhynchus coronatus
Ruddy-tailed Flycatcher Terenotriccus erythrurus
Sulphur-rumped Flycatcher Myiobius sulphureipygius
Bran-colored Flycatcher Myiophobus fasciatus
Tawny-crested Flycatcher Aphanotriccus capitalis
Tufted Flycatcher Mitrephanes phaeocercus
Olive-sided Flycatcher Contopus cooperi
Dark Pewee Contopus lugubris
Ochraceous Pewee Contopus ochraceus
Western Wood-Pewee Contopus sordidulus
Eastern Wood-Pewee Contopus virens
Tropical Pewee Contopus cinereus
Yellow-bellied Flycatcher Empidonax flaviventris
Acadian Flycatcher Empidonax virescens
Alder Flycatcher Empidonax alnorum
Willow Flycatcher Empidonax traillii
White-throated Flycatcher Empidonax albigularis
Least Flycatcher Empidonax minimus
Yellowish Flycatcher Empidonax flavescens
Black-capped Flycatcher Empidonax atriceps
Black Phoebe Sayornis nigricans
Long-tailed Tyrant Colonia colonus
Bright-rumped Attila Attila spadiceus
Rufous Mourner Rhytipterna holerythra
Dusky-capped Flycatcher Myiarchus tuberculifer
Panama Flycatcher Myiarchus panamensis
Nutting´s Flycatcher Myiarchus nittingi
Great Crested Flycatcher Myiarchus crinitus
Brown-crested Flycatcher Myiarchus tyrannulus
Great Kiskadee Pitangus sulphuratus
Boat-billed Flycatcher Megarhynchus pitangua
Rusty-margined Flycatcher Myiozetetes cayanensis
Social Flycatcher Myiozetetes similis
Gray-capped Flycatcher Myiozetetes granadensis
White-ringed Flycatcher Conopias albovittatus
Golden-bellied Flycatcher Myiodynastes hemichrysus
Streaked Flycatcher Myiodynastes maculatus
Sulphur-bellied Flycatcher Myiodynastes luteiventris
Piratic Flycatcher Legatus leucophaius
Tropical Kingbird Tyrannus melancholicus
Eastern Kingbird Tyrannus tyrannus
Gray Kingbird Tyrannus dominicensis
Scissor-tailed Flycatcher Tyrannus forficatus
Fork-Tailed Flycatcher Tyrannus savana
 
  Family Rhinocryptidae 
View Common Name Scientific Name
Silvery-fronted Tapaculo Scytalopus argentifrons
Formicariidae  
Black-faced Antthrush Formicarius analis
Black-headed Antthrush Formicarius nigricapillus
Rufous-breasted Antthrush Formicarius rufipectus
Black-crowned Antpitta Pittasoma michleri
Scaled Antpitta Grallaria guatimalensis
Streaked-chested Antpitta Hylopezus perspicillatus
Thicket Antpitta Hylopezus dives
Thamnophilidae  
Fasciated Antshrike Cymbilaimus lineatus
Great Antshrike Taraba major
Barred Antshrike Thamnophilus doliatus
Black-hooded Antshrike Thamnophilus bridgesi
Western-slaty Antshrike Thamnophilus atrinucha
Russet Antshrike Thamnistes anabatinus
Plain Antvireo Dysithamnus mentalis
Streak-crowned Antvireo Dysithamnus striaticeps
Spot-crowned Antvireo Dysithamnus puncticeps
Checker-throated Antwren Myrmotherula fulviventris
White-flanked Antwren Myrmotherula axillaris
Slaty Antwren Myrmotherula schisticolor
Dot-winged Antwren Microrhopias quixensis
Rufous-rumped Antwren Terenura callinota
Dusky Antbird Cercomacra tyrannina
Bare-crowned Antbird Gymnocichla nudiceps
Chestnut-backed Antbird Myrmeciza exsul
Dull-mantled Antbird Myrmeciza laemosticta
Immaculate Antbird Myrmeciza immaculata
Spotted Antbird Hylophylax naevioides
Bicolored Antbird Gymnopithys leucaspis
Ocellated Antbird Phaenostictus mcleannnani
 
  Family Furnariidae 
View Common Name Scientific Name
Pale-breasted Spinetail Synallaxis albescens
Slaty Spinetail Synallaxis brachyura
Red-faced Spinetail Cranioleuca srythrops
Spotted Barbtail Premnoplex brunnescens
Ruddy Treerunner Margarornis rubiginosus
Buffy Tuftedcheek Pseudocolaptes lawrencii
Striped Woodhunter Hyloctistes subulatus
Ochre-breasted Antpitta Grallaricula flavirostris
Lineated Foliage-gleaner Syndactyla subalaris
Scaly-throated Foliage-gleaner Anabacerthia variegaticeps
Buff-fronted Foliage-gleaner Philydor rufum
Buff-throated Foliage-gleaner Automolus ochrolaemus
Ruddy Foliage-gleaner Automolus rubiginosus
Streak-breasted Treehunter Thripadectes rufobrunneus
Plain Xenops Xenops minutus
Streaked Xenops Xenops rutilans
Tawny-throated Leaftosser Sclerurus mexicanus
Gray-throated Leaftosser Sclerurus albigularis
Scaly-throated Leaftosser Sclerurus guatemalensis
Plain-brown Woodcreeper Dendrocincla fuliginosa
Tawny-winged Woodcreeper Dendrocincla anabatina
Ruddy Woodcreeper Dendrocincla homochroa
Olivaceous Woodcreeper Sittasomus griseicapillus
Long-tailed Woodcreeper Deconychura longicauda
Wedge-billed Woodcreeper Glyphorhynchus spirurus
Strong-billed Woodcreeper Xiphocolaptes promeropirhynchus
Northern-barred Woodcreeper Dendrocolaptes sanctithomae
Black-banded Woodcreeper Dendrocolaptes picumnus
Cocoa Woodcreeper Xiphorhynchus susurrans
Ivory-billed Woodcreeper Xiphorhynchus flavigaster
Black-striped Woodcreeper Xiphorhynchus lachrymosus
Spotted Woodcreeper Xiphorhynchus erythropygius
Streak-headed Woodcreeper Lepidocolaptes souleyetii
Spot-crowned Woodcreeper Lepidocolaptes affinis
Brown-billed Scythebill Campylorhamphus pusillus
Picidae  
Olivaceous Piculet Picumnus olivaceus
Acorn Woodpecker Melanerpes formicivorus
Golden-naped Woodpecker Melanerpes chrysauchen
Black-crowned Woodpecker Melanerpes pucherani
Red-crowned Woodpecker Melanerpes rubricapillus
Hoffmann´s Woodpecker Melanerpes hoffmannii
Yellow-bellied Sapsucker Sphyrapicus varius
Hairy Woodpecker Picoides villosus
Smoky-brown Woodpecker Veniliornis fumigatus
Red-rumped Woodpecker Veniliornis kirkii
Rufous-winged Woodpecker Piculus simplex
Golden-olive Woodpecker Piculus rubiginosus
Cinnamon Woodpecker Celeus loricatus
Chestnut-colored Woodpecker Celeus castaneus
Lineated Woodpecker Dryocopus lineatus
Pale-billed Woodpecker Campephilus guatemalensis
Ramphastidae  
Red-headed Barbet Eubucco bourcierii
Prong-billed Barbet Semnornis frantzii
Emerald Toucanet Aulacorhynchus prasinus
Collared Aracari Pteroglossus torquatus
Fiery-billed Aracari Pteroglossus franzii
Yellow-eared Toucanet Selenidera spectabilis
Keel-billed Toucan Ramphastos sulfuratus
Chestnut-mandibled Toucan Ramphastos swainsonii
 
  Family Galbulidae 
View Common Name Scientific Name
Rufous-tailed Jacamar Galbula ruficauda
Great Jacamar Jacamerops aureus
Bucconidae  
White-necked Puffbird Notharchus macrorhynchos
Pied Puffbird Notharchus tectus
White-wiskered Puffbird Malacoptila panamensis
Lanceolated Monklet Micromonacha lanceolata
White-fronted Nunbird Monasa morphoeus
Alcedinidae  
Ringed Kingfisher Ceryle torquatus
Belted Kingfisher Ceryle alcyon
Amazon Kingfisher Chloroceryle amazona
Green Kingfisher Chloroceryle americana
Green-and-rufous Kingfisher Chloroceryle inda
American Pygmy Kingfisher Chloroceryle aenea
 
  Family Momotidae 
View Common Name Scientific Name
Tody Motmot Hylomanes momotula
Blue-crowned Motmot Momotus momota
Rufous Motmot Baryphthengus martii
Keel-billed Motmot Electron carinatum
Broad-billed Motmot Electron platyrhynchum
Turquoise-browed Motmot Eumomota superciliosa
Trogonidae  
Black-headed Trogon Trogon melanocephalus
Baird´s Trogon Trogon bairdii
Violaceous Trogon Trogon violaceus
Elegant Trogon Trogon elegans
Collared Trogon Trogon collaris
Orange-bellied Trogon Trogon aurantiiventris
Black-throated Trogon Trogon rufus
Slaty-tailed Trogon Trogon massena
Lattice-tailed Trogon Trogon clathratus
Resplendent Quetzal Pharomachrus mocinno
Trochilidae  
Bronzy Hermit Glaucis aeneus
Band-tailed Barbthroat Threnetes ruckeri
Green Hermit Phaethornis guy
Long-billed Hermit Phaethornis longirostris
Striped-throated Hermit Phaethornis striigularis
White-tipped Sicklebill Eutoxeres aquila
Green-fronted Lancebill Doryfera ludovicae
Scaly-breasted Hummingbird Phaeochroa cuvierii
Violet Saberwing Campylopterus hemileucurus
White-necked Jacobin Florisuga mellivora
Brown Violet-ear Colibri delphinae
Green Violet-ear Colibri thalassinus
Green-breasted Mango Anthracothorax prevostii
Violet-headed Hummingbird Klais guimeti
Black-crested Coquette Lophornis helenae
White-crested Coquette Lophornis adorabilis
Green Thorntail Discosura conversii
Canivet´s Emerald Chlorostilbon canivetii
Garden Emerald Chlorostilbon assimilis
Violet-crowned Woodnynph Thalurania colombica
Fiery-throated Hummingbird Panterpe insignis
Blue-throated Goldentail Hylocharis eliciae
White-bellied Emerald Amazilia candida
Blue-crested Hummingbird Amazilia amabilis
Charming Hummingbird Amazilia decora
Mangrove Hummingbird Amazilia boucardi
Blue-tailed Hummingbird Amazilia cianura
Steely-vented Hummingbird Amazilia suacerrottei
Snowy-bellied Hummingbird Amazilia edward
Rufous-tailed Hummingbird Amazilia tzacatl
Cinnamon Hummingbird Amazilia rutila
Stripe-tailed Hummingbird Eupherusa eximia
Black-bellied Hummingbird Eupherusa nigriventris
White-tailed Emerald Elvira chionura
Coppery-headed Emerald Elvira cupreiceps
Snowcap Microchera albocoronata
Bronze-tailed Plumeleteer Chalybura urochrysia
White-bellied Mountain-gem Lampornis hemileucus
Purple-throated Mountain-gem Lampornis calolaemus
White-throated Mountain-gem Lampornis castaneoventris
Green-crowned Brilliant Heliodoxa jacula
Magnificent Hummingbird Eugenes fulgens
Purple-crown Fairy Heliothryx barroti
Long-billed Starthroat Heliomaster longirostris
Plain-capped Starthoat Heliomaster constantii
Magenta-throated Woodstar Calliphlox bryantae
Ruby-throated Hummingbird Archilochus colubris
Volcano Hummingbird Selasphorus flammula
Scintillant Hummingbird Selasphorus scintilla
 
  Family Apodidae 
View Common Name Scientific Name
Black Swift Cypseloides niger
White-chinned Swift Cypseloides cryptus
Spot-fronted Swift Cypseloides cherriei
Chestnut-collared Swift Streptoprocne rutia
White-collared Swift Streptoprocne zonaris
Chimney Swift Chaetura pelagica
Vaux´s Swift Chaetura vauxi
Costa Rican Swift Chaetura fumosa
Gray-rumped Swift Chaetura cinereiventris
Lesser Swallow-tailed Swift Panyptila cayennensis
Steatornithidae  
Oilbird Steatornis caripensis
Nyctibiidae  
Geat Potoo Nyctibius grandis
Common Potoo Nyctibius griseus
Northern Potoo Nyctibius jamaicensis
 
  Family Caprimulgidae 
View Common Name Scientific Name
Short-tailed Nighthawk Lucocalis semitorquatus
Lesser Nighthawk Chordeiles acutipennis
Common Nighthawk Chordeiles minor
Common Pauraque Nyctidromus albicollis
Ocellated Poorwill Nyctidromus ocellatus
Chuck-will´s-widow Caprimulgus carolinensis
Whip-poor-will Caprimulgus vociferus
Dusky Nightjar Caprimulgus saturatus
Strigidae  
Pacific Screech-Owl Megascops cooperi
Tropical Screech-Owl Megascops choliba
Vermiculated Screech-Owl Megascops guatemalae
Bare-shanked Screech Owl Megascops clarkii
Crested Owl Lophostrix cristata
Spectacled Owl Pulsatrix perspicillata
Great Horned Owl Bubo virginianus
Costa Rican Pygmy Owl Glaucidium costaricanum
Central American Pygmy-Owl Glaucidium griseiceps
Ferruginous Pygmy-Owl Glaucidium brasilianum
Mottled Owl Ciccaba virgata
Black-and-white Owl Ciccaba nigrolineata
Striped Owl Pseudoscops clamator
Unspoted-Saw-whet Owl Aegolius ridwayi
Tytonidae  
Barn-Owl Tyro alba
 
  Family Cuculidae 
View Common Name Scientific Name
Squirrel Cuckoo Piaya cayana
Yellow-billed Cuckoo Coccyzus americanus
Mangrove Cuckoo Coccyzus minor
Cocos Cuckoo Coccyzus ferrugineus
Black-billed Cuckoo Coccyzus erythopthalmus
Striped Cuckoo Tapera naevia
Pheasant Cuckoo Dromococcyx phasianellus
Lesser Ground-Cuckoo Morococcyx erythropygius
Rufous-vented Ground-Cuckoo Neomorphus geoffroyi
Greater Ani Crotophaga major
Smooth-billed Ani Crotophaga ani
Groove-billed Ani Crotophaga sulcirostris
Psittacidae  
Sulfur-winged Parakeet Pyrrhura hoffmanni
Crimson-fronted Parakeet Aratinga finschi
Olive-throated Parkeet Aratinga nana
Orange-fronted Parakeet Aratinga canicularis
Brown-throated Parakeet Aratinga pertinax
Great Green Macaw Ara ambiguus
Scarlet Macaw Ara macaw
Barred Parakeet Bolborhynchus lineola
Orange-chinned Parakeet Brotogeris jugularis
Red-fronted Parrotlet Touit costaricensis
Brown-hooded Parrot Pionopsitta haematotis
Blue-headed Parrot Pionus menstruus
White-crowned Parrot Pionus senilis
White-fronted Parrot Amazona albifrons
Red-lored Parrot Amazona autumnalis
Mealy Parrot Amazona farinosa
Yellow-naped Parrot Amazona auropalliata
Columbidae  
Rock Pigeon Colunba livia
Pale-vented Pigeon Patagioenas cayennensis
Scaled Pigeon Patagioenas speciosa
Red-billed Pigeon Patagioenas flavirostris
Band-tailed Pigeon Patagioenas fasciata
Ruddy Pigeon Patagioenas subvinacea
Short-billed Pigeon Patagioenas nigrorostris
White-winged Dove Zenaida asiatica
Mourning Dove Zenaida macroura
Inca Dove Columbina inca
Common Ground-Dove Columbina passerina
Plain-breasted Ground-Dove Columbina minuta
Ruddy Ground-Dove Columbina talpacori
Blue Ground-Dove Claravis pretiosa
Maroon-chested Ground-Dove Claravis mondetoura
White-tipped dove Leptotila verreauxi
Gray-headed Dove Leptotila plumbeiceps
Gray-chested Dove Leptotila cassinii
Olive-backed Quail-Dove Geotrygon veraguensis
Chiriqui Quail-Dove Geotrygon chiriquensis
Purplish-backed Quail-Dove Geotrygon lawrencii
Buff-fronted Quail-Dove Geotrygon costaricensis
Violaceous Quail-Dove Geotrygon violacea
Ruddy Quail-Dove Geotrygon montana
 
  Family Stercorariidae 
View Common Name Scientific Name
Pomarine Jaeger Stercorarius pomarius
Parasitic Jaeger Stercorarius parasiticus
Long-tailed Jaeger Stercorarius longicaudus
Laridae  
Laughing Gull Larus atricilla
Franklin´s Gull Larus pipixcan
Ring-billed Gull Larus delawarensis
Herring Gull Larus argentatus
Sabine´s Gull Xema sabini
Swallow-tailed Gull Creagrus furcatus
Brown Noody Anous stolidus
Black Noody Anous minutus
White Tern Gygis alba
Sooty Tern Onychoprion fuscatus
Bridled Tern Onychoprion anaethetus
Least Tern Sternula antillarum
Large-billed Tern Phaetusa simplex
Gull-billed Tern Gelochelidon nilotica
Caspian Tern Hydroprogne caspia
Black Tern Chlidonias niger
Common Tern Sterna hirundo
Forster´s Tern Sterna forsteri
Royal Tern Thalasseus maximun
Sandwich Tern Thalasseus sandvicensis
Elegant Tern Thalasseus elegans
Black Skimmer Rynchops niger
Scolopacidae  
Spotted Sandpiper Actitis macularius
Solitary Sandpiper Tringa solitaria
Wandering Tattler Tringa incana
Greater Yellowlegs Tringa melanoleuca
Willet Tringa semipalmata
Lesser Yellowlegs Tringa flavipens
Upland Sandpiper Bartramia longicauda
Whimbrel Numenius phaeopus
Long-billed Curlew Numenius americanus
Marbled Godwit Limosa fedoa
Ruddy Turnstone Arenaria interprens
Surfbird Alphriza virgata
Red Knot Calidris canutus
Sanderling Calidris alba
Semipalmated Sandpiper Calidris pusilla
Western Sandpiper Calidris mauri
Least Sanpiper Calidris minutilla
White-rumped Sandpiper Calidris fuscicollis
Baird´s Sandpiper Calidris bairdii
Pectoral Sandpiper Calidris melanotos
Dunlin Calidris alpina
Curlew Sandpiper Calidris ferruginea
Stilt Sandpiper Calidris himantopus
Buff-breasted Sandpiper Tryngites subruficollis
Short-billed Dowitcher Limnodromus griseus
Long-bille Dowitcher Limnodromus scolopaceus
Wilson´s Snipe Gallinago delicata
Wilson´s Phalarope Phalaropus tricolor
Red-necked Phalarope Phalaropus lobatus
Red Phalarope Phalaropus fulicarius
 
  Family Jacanidae 
View Common Name Scientific Name
Northern Jacana Jacana spinosa
Wattled Jacana Jacana jacana
Recurvirostridae  
Black-necked Stilt Himantopus mexicanus
American Avocet Recurvirostra americana
Haematopodidae  
American Oystercatcher Haematopus palliatus
 
  Family Charadriidae 
View Common Name Scientific Name
Southern Lapwing Vanellus chilensis
Black-bellied Plover Pluvialis squatarola
American Golden-Plover Pluvialis dominica
Collared Plover Charadrius collaris
Snowy Plover Charadrius alexandrinus
Wilson´s Plover Charadrius wilsonia
Semipalmated Plover Charadrius semipalmatus
Killdeer Charadrius vociferus
Burhinidae  
Double-striped Thick Knee Burhinus bistriatus
Aramidae  
Limpkin Aramus guarauna
 
  Family Eurypygidae 
View Common Name Scientific Name
Sunbittern Eurypiga helias
Heliornithidae  
Sungrebe Heliomis fulica
Rallidae  
White-throated Crake Laterallus albigularis
Gray-breasted Crake Laterallus exilis
Gray-necked Wood-Rail Aramedis cajanea
Uniform Crake Amaurolimnas concolor
Sora Porzana carolina
Yellow-breasted Crake Porzana flaviventer
Paint-billed Crake Neocrex erythrops
Spotted Rail Pardirallus maculatus
Purple Gallinule Porphyrio martinica
Common Moorhen Gallinula chloropus
American Coot Fulica americana
 
  Family Falconidae 
View Common Name Scientific Name
Barred Forest Falcon Micrastur ruficollis
Slaty-backed Forest-Falcon Micrastur mirandollei
Collared Forest-Falcon Micrastur semitorquatus
Red-throated Caracara Ibycter americanus
Crested Caracara Caracara cherriway
Yellow-headed Caracara Malvago Chimachima
Laughing Falcon Herpetotheres cachinnans
American Kestrel Falco sparverius
Merlin Falco columbarius
Bat Falcon Falco rufigularis
Peregrine Falcon Falco peregrinus
Accipitridae  
Osprey Pandion haliaetus
Gray-headed Kite Leptodon cayanensis
Hook-billed Kite Chondrohierax uncinatus
Swallow-tailed Kite Elanoides forficatus
Pearl Kite Gramsonyx swainsonii
White-tailed Kite Elanus leucurus
Snail Kite Rostrhamus sociabilis
Double-toothed Kite Harpagus bidentatus
Mississippi Kite Ictinia mississippiensis
Plumbeous Kite Ictinia plumbea
Black-collared Hawk Busarellus nigricollis
Northern Harrier Circus cyaneus
Tiny Hawk Accipiter superciliosus
Sharp-shinned Hawk Accipiter straitus
Cooper´s Hawk Accipiter cooperii
Bicolored Hawk Accipiter bicolor
Crane hawk Geranospiza caerulescens
Barred Hawk Leucopternis princeps
Semiplumbeous Hawk Leucopternis semiplumbeous
White Hawk Leucopternis albicollis
Mangrove Black-Hawk Buteogallus subtilis
Great Black-Hawk Buteogallus urubitinga
Roadside Hawk Buteo magnirostris
Broad-winged Hawk Buteo platypterus
Gray Hawk Buteo nitidus
Short-tailed Kite Buteo brachyurus
Swainson´s Hawk Buteo swainsoni
White-tailed Hawk Buteo albicaudatus
Zone-tailed Hawk Buteo albonotatus
Red-tailed Hawk Buteo jamaicensis
Creasted Eagle Morphnus guianensis
Harpy Eagle Harpia harpyja
Black-and-white Hawk Eagle Spizastur melanoleucus
Black Hawk-Eagle Spizaetus tyranus
Ornate Hawk-Eagle Spizaetus ornatus
Cathartidae  
Black Vulture Coragyps atratus
Turkey Volture Cathartes aura
Lesser Yellow-headed Volture Cathartes burrovianus
King Volture Sarcoramphus papa
 
  Family Ciconiidae 
View Common Name Scientific Name
Jabiru Jabiru mycteria
Wood Stork Mycteria americana
Threskiornithidae  
White Ibis Eudocimus albus
Glossy Ibis Plegadis falcinelus
Green Ibis Mesembrinibis cayennensis
Roseate Spoonbill Platalea ajaja
Ardeidae  
Pinnated Bittern Botaurus pinnatus
Least Bittern Ixobrychus exilis
Rufescent Tiger-Heron Tigrisoma lineatum
Fasciated Tiger-Heron Tigrisoma fasciatum
Bare-throated Tiger-Heron Tigrisoma mexicanum
Great Blue Heron Ardea herodias
Great Egret Ardea alba
Snowy Egret Egretta thula
Little Blue Heron Egretta caerulea
Tricolored Heron Egretta tricolor
Reddish Egret Egretta rufescens
Cattle Egret Bubulcus ibis
Agami Heron Agamia agami
Black-crowned Night-Heron Nycticorax nycticorax
Yellow-crowned Night-Heron Nyctanassa violacea
Boat-billed Heron Cochlearius cochlearius
 
  Family Fregatidae 
View Common Name Scientific Name
Magnificent Frigatebird Fregata magnificens
Great Frigatebird Fregata minor
Anhingidae  
Anhinga Anhinga anhinga
Phalacrocoracidae  
Neotropic Cormorant Phalacrocorax bracilianus
 
  Family Pelecanidae 
View Common Name Scientific Name
American White Pelican Pelecanus erythrorhynchos
Sulidae  
Masked Booby Sula dactylatra
Blue-footed Booby Sula nebrouxii
Brown Booby Sula leucogaster
Red-footed Booby Sula sula
Phaethontidae  
Red-billed Tropicbird Phaethon aethereus
 
  Family Hydrobatidae 
View Common Name Scientific Name
Wedge-rumped Storm-Petrel Oceanodroma tethys
Black Storm-Petrel Oceanodroma melania
Least Storm-Petrel Oceanodroma microsoma
Procellariidae  
Cory´s Shearwater Calonectris diomedea
Wedge-tailed Shearwater Puffinus pacificus
Sooty Shearwater Puffinus griseus
Short-tailed Shearwater Puffinus tenuirostris
 
  Family Podicipedidae 
View Common Name Scientific Name
Least grebe Tachybaptus dominicus
Pied-billed Greeb Podilymbus podiceps
Odontophoridae  
Buffy-crowned Wood-Partridge Dendrortyx leucophrys
Crested Bobwhite Cilinus crestatus
Marbled Wood-Quail Odontophorus gujanensis
Black-eared Wood-Quail Odontophorus melanotis
Black-breasted Wood-Quail Odontophorus leucolaemus
Spotted Wood-Quail Odontophorus guttatus
Tawny-faced Quail Rhynchortyx cinctus
 
  Family Cracidae 
View Common Name Scientific Name
Plain Chachalaca Ortalis vetula
Gray-headed Chachalaca Ortalis cinereiceps
Crested Guan Penelope purpurascens
Black Guan Chamaepeters unicolor
Great Curassow Crax rubra
Anatidae  
Black-bellied Whistling-Duck Dendrocygna autumnalis
Fulvous Whistling-Duck Dendrocygna bicolor
Muscovy Duck Cairina moschata
American Wigeon Anas americana
Mallard Anas platyrhynchos
Blue-Winged Teal Anas discors
Northern Shoveler Anas Clypeata
Northern Pintail Anas acuta
Green-winged Teal Anas crecca
Lesser Scaup Aythya affinis
Masked Duck Nomonyx dominicus
Tinamidae  
Great Tinamou Tinamus major
Highland Tinamou Nothocercus bonapartei
Little Tinamou Crypturellus soui
Thicket Tinamou Crypturellus cinnamoneus
Slaty-breasted Tinamou Crypturellus boucardi